Child Sex Trafficking
According to UNICEF, as many as two million children are subjected to prostitution in the global commercial sex trade. International covenants and protocols obligate criminalisation of the commercial sexual exploitation of children. The use of children in commercial sex trade is prohibited under the UN TIP Protocol. There can be no exceptions and no cultural or socio- economic rationalization that prevent the rescue of children from sexual servitude. Sex trafficking has devastating consequences for minors, including long lasting physical and psychological trauma, disease (including HIV/ AIDS), drug addiction, unwanted pregnancy, malnutrition, social ostracism, and possible death.
Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC)
CSEC is the sexual exploitation of children for the commercial gain of some person(s). CSEC includes all child prostitution as well as child pornography. This is not human trafficking per se, as some forms of CSEC such as child pornography are not always a form of human trafficking. Most forms of CSEC, however are forms of human trafficking, such as child sex trafficking.
Child Sex Tourism (CST)
This is one form of “demand” for victims of child sex trafficking. It involves people who travel from their own country- often a country where child sexual exploitation is illegal or culturally abhorrent to another country where they engage in commercial sex acts with children. CST is a shameful assault on the dignity of children and a form of violent child abuse. It often involves trafficking, as a trafficking crime likely was committed in the provision of the child for sex tourist’s exploitation.